Introduction to dementia

Here are two presentations that provide an introduction to dementia: A one-page note in English, and a longer introduction in Hindi.

English one-page note: Sometimes we need to give people we meet a very quick and compact introduction on dementia. A one-page document intended for such a situation can be downloaded here: Introduction to Dementia (PDF file) Opens in new window. See an excerpt below:

What is dementia: Dementia is a general term used for loss of brain functions that affect the ability to live. In addition to causing memory loss, dementia affects thinking, speaking, and making decisions. It interferes with activities of daily living. Behavioral changes include insomnia, wandering, apathy, and aggression.

Types of dementia: The main cause of dementia is that cells in the brain die, or do not function properly, and the brain shrinks. Most dementias are non-reversible (changes in the brain that are causing dementia cannot be stopped or turned back). Alzheimer’s Disease accounts for most irreversible dementias. Vascular diseases related to hypertension and stress, Parkinsonian Dementia, and Fronto-Temporal Dementia are other irreversible causes. Dementia caused by some problems (e.g., vitamin B12 deficiency, hypothyroidism, and depression) may get reversed on treatment.

Who gets dementia: Dementia knows no social, economic, ethnic or geographic boundaries. Increasing age is the biggest risk factor, and typical onset is after the age of sixty. Worldwide, one new case of dementia is seen every seven seconds. India’s current dementia population is estimated (in 2010) as 3.7 million.

Symptoms of dementia:….

A Hindi presentation including graphics: This provides an introduction to dementia, its symptoms, types, impact, care, etc., is available on Slideshare. View it directly on Slideshare at: What is Dementia (डिमेंशिया क्या है?) Opens in new window or in the viewer below.

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